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Kevin Wolfe
Engl 1113 NOON T/R
Greg Daubenspeck
May 3, 2001 ROUGH DRAFT
An Opinion on Cloning
Through all the negative and positive possibilities of cloning, the bottom line is that it should be advanced and studied to see what it can really offer us. Cloning is an ethical advance in technology. The truth is that cloning has some very frightening cons to it, and many negative opinions of the science are apparent. "If a population of organisms has the same genetic information, then the disease would wipe out the entire population"(Connoly). "It seems like playing God, and interfering with the natural process"(Schneider). Read any article over cloning and a person will see the list of negative opinions goes on and on. One will also notice that most of the groups condemning cloning have absolutely no involvement with biology or science altogether. New technology cannot be stopped, one way or another it will be advanced. Let's face it, no technology that has ever advanced has come with zero negative outcomes, however in the future the positive products of cloning will outweigh the negative.
There are many positive uses for cloning that could literally change the world for the better. Scientists can take a cloned human embryo and remove what are called stem cells. Through scientific methods the stem cells could grow into an entire organ. Using this organ in the body of the person who produced the cloned embryo would have no risk of his or her body rejecting the organ. "Methods may be found whereby they could be formed into replacement tissue and even entire organs. They may eventually be used to repair injured or poorly functioning brains and nervous systems"(Robinson). Many people who don't totally understand the technology think that the scientists will have to clone an entire person, extract the organ and just "throw away" the clone. This is not the process. For example, say a person that was badly burned could use stem cells from his cloned embryo and the cells would eventually grow into a large enough patch of skin to be used on his injury. By all means there is no need to clone an entire person to get one organ or tissue. Cloning can even be utilized in agriculture. "For example, cloning technologies are already used in agriculture to produce higher yield, better quality fruits and vegetables" (Davidson). Infertility in women can be helped through cloning as well. The latest technique, somatic nuclear transfer, which is the way Dolly, the sheep, was cloned, offers a potential cure for infertility. Current methods of assisted reproduction are very inefficient. Cloning technology offers infertile couples the promise of greatly improving the odds of having a baby"(Watson).
What society is most afraid of is how cloning humans could affect society. It is true that the abuse of cloning humans on a wide scale could possibly harm society by causing a lack of diversity. That's just one con of cloning. There are plenty more possible negative outcomes. Many people think that clones will somehow be mindless robots with no soul.
The point is that we know these cons and have the power to not allow this to happen by using legislature to dictate its uses. Just because there is a possible negative aspect of a technology does not mean it should be stopped. "Clones should be seen in the same way we view identical twins. They are two people who look the same but have unique experiences and memories. They are, in essence, two different people" (Clifford). The myth that madmen could clone an endless supply of Hitler type rulers is just unrealistic altogether. If someone did somehow clone Hitler by using some of the cells from the man himself, then there would be an identical twin with the same DNA. However, Hitler's experiences were what made him who he was. This clone would have to go through everything that the original had, and then maybe it would get the madman way of thinking. "Therefore, since clones are like identical twins they would have different fingerprints and brain structures" (Clifford). Most people get this picture of a Xerox copy of the person, and that they will act and think exactly alike the original. The bottom line is that if there is no problem with identical twins today then there will be no problem with clones.
It is common knowledge that religious societies believe that cloning is against "God's will". There is the question of whether or not the child will have a soul. The images of Frankenstein and his monster arise from the thought of cloning humans. You can see that the "no soul" idea is ridiculous if you look closely at how the process works. People seem to think that scientists are "creating" life from dead matter. This is wrong. "Cloning merely produces life from existing life. Cloning can be thought of as an extension of procedures like in-vitro fertilization" (Schneider). Life from already living cells is the heart of cloning. God gave that cell life and scientists are bringing that same life into another identical form.
Cloning, like all other amazing technologies in this world can seem very intimidating when looked at in a glance. Yet through studying and learning more about its strengths and weaknesses, then one will see that it can serve society in many positive and even life-saving ways.
Works Cited
Clifford, Jack. "The Cloning Debate". 3 Dec. 2000. <>
Connoly, Ted. "Cloning, Right or Wrong?". 3 Dec. 2000
Davidson, Bruce. "Medical Benefits of Cloning". 3 Dec. 2000.
Robinson, Bruce. "Human Cloning: Ethical Aspects". 3 Dec. 2000.
Schneider, Bennet. "Conceiving a Clone". 3 Dec. 2000.
Watson, Chris. "Somatic Cell Technology". 3 Dec. 2000. <>